De Haar Citadel close to Utrecht, Netherlands
Welcome to our essential castles web page the place we characteristic the 300 greatest castles to go to in the world. Under you may scroll by means of our many devoted articles showcasing many castles in a wide range of nations together with Germany, England, France, Czech Republic, The Netherlands, Scotland, Eire, Poland and Russia. Construction sorts embrace castles, chateaus, palaces and manor homes – all with historic significance.
26 Picture Gallery: Where is The Best Castles in the World to Visit
I’ve been a fortress fan for years, since childhood. I like historical past. Each fortress has many tales to inform. They have been typically seats of energy, but additionally served as authorities homes, trip properties for the wealthy and monarchs and proved to be pivotal places for important historic occasions.
Our choices are based mostly on reputation, private desire, customer information, design and historic significance. After we set out to create this epic fortress collection, we had no concept there have been so many unbelievable buildings all through Europe. Take pleasure in our galleries and articles. Examine again as we regularly add new nations to our assortment.
Know extra about the 9 Varieties of Castles Constructed All through Historical past right here.
Step again in time and study the various kinds of castles constructed all through historical past from the Medieval castles to the Stone Hold and from the Concentric Citadel to the Royal Tempo. Get previous by means of the inside rooms constructed inside the castles and see picture examples for every fortress kind in addition to their blueprint designs and layouts.
Be taught extra about the 73 Fabulous Historic Properties & Mansions in the USA right here.
Get a slice of America’s historical past by means of this assortment of America’s biggest historic homes as soon as referred to as residence by the likes of none apart from Mark Twain, the Rockefeller Household, Henry Ford, and former US Presidents Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and George Washington.
Click on right here to see 13 of the Best Newport, Rhode Island Mansions.
Take a tour by means of the greatest Newport, Rhode Island Mansions, together with the Marble Home, The Breakers, Rosecliff, and Chataue-sur-Mer. Uncover the who’s who of the time who vacationed in these lavish properties in whole luxurious throughout the summer season and be taught extra fascinating trivia about the mansions.
See images of 37 of the Best Spanish Castles and Palaces.
Get to know Spain somewhat higher by studying about its many historic castles, fortresses, and palaces. The nation is extremely wealthy in historical past dotted by surviving centuries-old buildings that existed lengthy earlier than the Romans made their mark.
View images of 14 of the Best Danish Castles, Palaces and Manor Homes.
Denmark is one in all the world’s oldest monarchs and one in all its hottest castles isn’t just open for the public to take pleasure in, however it’s additionally nonetheless inhabited by the depend of Ahlenfeldt-Laurvig-Bille and his household. Generally known as the Egeskov Slot, the Renaissance fortress that sits on the island Funen (Fyn) close to Odense obtained its identify Egeskov which is Danish for “oak wooden” as a result of it’s believed that an entire oak forest was felled just to build it.
Supposed as a manor round 1405, it was constructed by Frands Brockenhuss and his spouse Anne Tinhus to be the fortress as we all know it at the moment. Its house owners modified fingers 31 occasions earlier than it was lastly opened to the public in 1989 by its present proprietor.
Click on this hyperlink to see images of 13 of the Best Castles in Romania.
Romania is residence to many spectacular castles, palaces, and manor properties however the Peles Citadel stands out as a masterpiece of German new-Renaissance structure and is widely known as one in all the best castles not simply in the nation however all through Europe.
It additionally holds the status of being a former residence of the Romanian royal household. Enchanted by the picturesque city of Sinaia, King Charles I (the first Romanian king) commissioned the building of the fortress in 1873 and was accomplished in 1883. The architects have been Johannes Schultz and Karel Liman and the designers JD Heymann from Hamburg, August Bembe from Mainz and Berhard Ludwig from Vienna.
Peles Citadel was the first electrified fortress in Europe as a result of its electrical energy was produced by its personal plant. It was additionally one the most trendy of its time.
Thankfully, the fortress was saved and remained unchanged throughout the Communist period. It was returned to the Romanian authorities after the 1989 revolution and declared as a museum in 1953.
Uncover 44 Best Italian Castles, Villas and Palaces right here.
Italy is understood for its gorgeous villas, castles, and palaces. Considered one of its gems is an imposing white fortress that stands on the Gulf of Trieste. Castello di Miramare (Citadel of Miramare) was constructed in the 1850s by Austrian Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian of Hapsburg for his spouse Charlotte of Belgium. It was designed by Austrian architect Carl Junker and was accomplished in 1860.
The lovebirds only got to enjoy their love nest for about four years earlier than they left for Mexico the place they have been topped Emperor Maximilian and Empress Carlota of Mexico. In 1867, Maximilian was executed by a firing squad. It’s believed that Charlotte went insane and lived in seclusion afterward.
The Citadel continued to be inhabited on and off by the Habsburgs till it was opened to the public as a museum in 1955.
Take a look at the images of 15 of the Best Castles in Japan.
Japanese buildings simply stand out due to their distinctive structure. If there’s just one fortress to go to in Japan, it’s fingers down the Himeji Citadel, also referred to as White Heron Citadel due to its elegant white look. It’s broadly considered the nation’s most spectacular fortress and likewise registered as a UNESCO world heritage site.
Himeji Citadel is one in all Japan’s 12 authentic castles. The best surviving instance of early 17th-century Japanese fortress structure has by no means been destroyed by struggle, earthquake, or fireplace. First erected 400 years in the past throughout the Shogun interval, it was constantly fortified and was only completed in 1609.
Positioned in the former capital metropolis of Kyoto, feudal masters of the fortress saved it in good order from the 17th to the 19th centuries. Now underneath the safety of the nationwide and native governments, the fortress was reopened to the public in 2015 after intensive renovations.
Get to know 29 of the Best Castles in Switzerland right here.
Whereas Switzerland is best identified for its political neutrality and banking system, it will be remiss to ignore its share of fantastic castles and manor homes. Essentially the most well-known is the Aarburg Citadel positioned on a steep rocky hillside in the city of Aarburg.
With its spectacular structure, the fortress complicated is classed as a Swiss heritage website of nationwide significance. It’s believed to have been constructed round 1200 by the Lords of Büron. It fell by means of a change of possession many occasions over the centuries till the Canton of Argau took over in 1804. It now serves as a juvenile detention center.
See images of 15 of the Best Castles in Portugal right here.
Portugal is bathed in tradition and though lots of its magnificent castles and palaces have been destroyed throughout the Lisbon earthquake, it nonetheless boasts some unbelievable ones equivalent to The Palacio Nacional da Pena or Pena Palace. Standing on a hilltop in the Sintra Mountains, it’s a chief instance of 19th century Romanticism structure. It’s additionally one in all the Seven Wonders of Portugal and labeled as a world heritage website.
Ferdinand August Franz Anton from Austria who later turned King Ferdinand II ordered the building of the palace which took place between 1842 and 1854. German architect Baron Wilhelm Ludwig von Eschwege created the masterpiece.
The Portuguese State labeled Pena Palace as a nationwide monument and remodeled right into a museum in 1889.
Click on right here to see images of 25 Best Palaces in India.
Subsequent solely to Taj Mahal, Mysore Palace or Amba Vilas Palace is the most well-known vacationer attraction in India receiving greater than six million guests in a yr. It’s a historic palace positioned at the coronary heart of Mysore metropolis and was the royal residence of its erstwhile rulers, the Wadiyar Dynasty of Mysore Kingdom (1399-1950).
The unique Mysore Palace was constructed in the 14th century by Yaduraya Wodeyar. It was reconstructed and renovated a number of occasions till it was rebuilt in its trendy type in 1897 throughout the regime of Krishnaraja Wodeyar III after the former wood palace was destroyed by fireplace. British architect Lord Henry Irwin was commissioned to construct the new palace. It was completed in 1912 at a cost of Rs. 4147913.
See images of 16 Jaw-Dropping Mountain Prime Castles.
Don’t miss out on this jaw-dropping mind-boggling assortment of mountain high castles. These castles are a sight to behold together with the Hohenzollern Citadel in Germany. Perched 855 meters above sea degree and on a conical mount Zoller, the fortress stands proud as a thousand outdated fortress in the coronary heart of Baden-Württemberg between Lake Constance, the Black Forest and Stuttgart.
The primary Hohenzollern Home dates again to 1061. In the 11th century, it was deemed “Crown of all Castles in Swabia” and “the most fortified House in Germany” solely to be destroyed in 1423. It was reconstructed as a extra large fortress however was became ruins once more till King Frederick William IV of Prussia reconstructed it in the 19th century.
Although nonetheless privately owned by the Prussian line and the Swabian Royal Home of the Hohenzollern, it’s one in all the most visited castles in Germany with over 350,000 guests a yr.
Uncover images of 37 Best Austrian Castles, Palaces and Manor Homes.
Burg Kreuzenstein or Kreuzenstein Citadel is a medieval hilltop fortress overlooking the village of Leobendorf. What’s fascinating about the fortress is that it’s constructed on the stays of an outdated medieval fortress that fell into ruins throughout the Thirty Years’ Struggle and it was made to appear to be an genuine medieval fortress utilizing sections of medieval buildings the Wilczek household bought all through Europe.
The fortress dates again to the 12th century and was constructed by the Counts of Fombach. It was handed down to numerous house owners till it fell to the fingers of the Rely Johann Nepomuk Wilczek who started reconstruction on the fortress in 1874. Architect Carl Gangolf Kayser oversaw the reconstruction till his demise and was changed by Ritter Humbert Walcher of Molthein and the artist Egon Rheinberger. It took 30 years to be utterly reconstructed and was reopened to the public on June 6, 1906 as a vacationer vacation spot and museum.
Click on this hyperlink to see images of 41 Best Swedish Castles, Palaces and Manor Properties.
Trolle Ljungby Citadel is a Renaissance model fortress in Sweden with a historical past that stretches again to the 14th and 15th centuries. Again then it was simply referred to as Ljungby and was residence to the Bille household for generations till it was offered in the 1460s and has since been handed down to numerous house owners.
The assorted house owners of the property oversaw the reconstruction and extension of the property throughout their possession. Hans Gabriel Trolle-Wachtmeister inherited the Ljungby property however granted in 1830 the switch of entailment from Trolleburg to Ljungby, which led to its present identify Trolle Ljungby.
The fortress has been privately owned by Wachtmeister household since 1804 and is closed to the public though guests are welcome to go to the gardens.
Get to know 25 of the Best Hungarian Castles, Palaces and Manor Homes.
The Schossberger Manor is just one of the many historic castles, palaces, mansions, and manor homes praised as architectural masterpieces in Hungary. Sitting at the highest level in a sleepy city referred to as Tura, the manor was constructed from 1873 to 1883. Baron Sigismund Schossberger was the preliminary proprietor who commissioned the well-known architect Miklós Ybl to design the fortress.
Designed to resemble French Renaissance castles, Schossberger wanted an estate befitting his knighted status and his rising household. The property was handed down to Schossberger’s son Victor and to Victor’s two kids who failed to keep the fortress.
It was used for shelter by the Germans in 1944, as a struggle hospital in 1945, a main faculty in 1946, a nationwide monument in 1958, a main faculty once more till 1973, and has been offered a number of occasions since the 1980s. The present proprietor is claimed to be Prime Minister Viktor Orbán’s son-in-law, István Tiborcz, who plans to rework the fortress right into a 5-star resort.
View images of 41 Best Belgian Castles and Chateaus.
Belgium is a small nation however stuffed with fabulous castles, chateaus, palaces, and manor homes. Considered one of them is Marnix de Sainte Aldegonde Citadel or regionally referred to as Kasteel Marnix van Sint-Aldegonde or Bornem Citadel. Positioned in the city of Bornem, it was first fortified throughout the 10th or 11th century as a protection towards Viking raids.
Spanish nobleman, Pedro Coloma, Lord of Bobadilla, purchased the Bornem Lands in 1587 and have become Lord of Bornem. He was succeeded by his son Alexandre and Pedro’s grandson Jean-François Coloma turned the first Rely of Bornem after the Bornem Lands was elevated to a county in 1658.
The De Marnix household leased the fortress and acquired it in 1773. In 1880, Rely Ferdinand de Marnix ordered the 16th-century Bornem Citadel to be demolished and changed it with a Renaissance Revival model fortress constructed by the architects Henri Beyaert and E. Janlet. In 1884, Rely Ferdinand added “de Sainte Aldegonde” to his family name so the fortress turned referred to as Marnix de Sainte Aldegonde Citadel.
It’s nonetheless privately owned and inhabited however part of the fortress is used as a museum and could be visited.
Take a look at 49 of the Best Czech Republic Castles, Chateaus and Palaces.
The Žleby Citadel goes means again earlier than 1289 as a Gothic fortress constructed by the Lichtenburg household. Charles IV, Roman Emperor and the King of Bohemia purchased the fortress in 1356. It was rebuilt in the Renaissance style after the Hussite Wars in the late 15th century and in the Baroque model once more in the late 16th century.
The traditional Tyrolean home of Auersperg owned the fortress from 1754 to 1945 when it was confiscated by the state. It’s now managed by the Nationwide Heritage Institute and open to the public.
View images of 50 Best Polish Castles, Palaces and Manor Homes.
Poland is residence to unbelievable historic palaces, estates, manor homes, and castles in all sizes and styles. The Moszna Citadel is a fairytale fortress positioned in a small village of the similar identify in Opole, Poland. “Moszna” comes from the household identify “Moschin,” the household who purchased a big property in the village in the 14th century. Legend has it that the fortress was built as a monastery and shelter for the Knights of the Temple of Solomon.
The von Skall household owned the fortress from 1679 to 1771 when Heinrich Leopold von Seherr-Thoss bought it at public sale. It was offered in 1866 to Hubert von Tiele-Winckler from Miechowice. The fortress belonged to the Tiele-Wincklers till the finish of the struggle.
In 1972, the fortress was used as a hospital for treating neuroses and is now an unique resort.
Click on right here to see images of 50 Best Scottish Castles and Manor Homes.
Scotland is well-known for its castles with the Glamis Citadel one in all the oldest and most gorgeous. Positioned in the coronary heart of Angus, the Glamis Citadel goes means again to historic occasions and started as a fortified royal hunting house owned by the Scottish Crown.
Sir John Lyon of Glamis started reworking the outdated royal looking home into Glamis Citadel in 1404 and was accomplished in 1484 after his demise. The Citadel is a witness to over 1,000 years of history and has been the ancestral seat to the Earls of Strathmore and Kinghorne since 1372. It additionally served as an inspiration to Shakespeare’s Macbeth in addition to the childhood residence of Her Royal Highness Queen Elizabeth and the birthplace of Princess Margaret.
Simon Bowes-Lyon, 19th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne at the moment resides in the fortress and can be open to the public for guided excursions.
Discover images A to Z of 33 Best Irish Castles and Manor Homes.
There are various unbelievable castles and manor homes in Eire, together with the Ashford Citadel in County Mayo. Its lengthy historical past begins in 1228 as a main stronghold of the Anglo-Norman de Burgo dynasty till 1589 and noticed a change of possession a number of occasions.
Sir Benjamin Lee Guinness acquired it in 1852 and added buildings in the neo-gothic model. Guinness managed the property till 1915 when his son died. The castle then went to the Iveagh Trust earlier than it was offered in 1939 to Noel Huggard who remodeled the fortress into a personal nation resort.
Be taught extra about the 33 Best Castles in the Netherlands.
Citadel de Haar or regionally referred to as Kasteel de Haar is positioned in Utrecht, Netherlands. It’s the largest fortress in the nation and regarded one in all the most luxurious castles in Europe. Its historical past dates again to 1931 when the De Haar household inherited it from Hendrik van Woerden. It remained with them till 1440 when the final male inheritor died with none kids.
The Van Zuylen household lived in the fortress till it burned down in 1482. It was rebuilt in the 16th century however fell into ruins once more in the mid-1600s. The Rothschild household inherited the fortress and employed architect Pierre Cuypers to rebuild it in 1892 which was only completed 15 years later.
The fortress is now open to the common public by means of guided excursions.
Discover 70 Magnificent Russian Palaces and Mansions (Images).
The Wood Palace of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich is one in all the hottest vacationer locations in Moscow. It was constructed in 1667 with out the use of any fasteners, nails or hooks. Every of the 26 buildings is related by passages and halls and the complete complicated divided into female and male elements. The Tsar and his sons occupied the male elements together with the ceremonial chambers whereas the Tsarina and their daughters occupied the feminine elements.
Contemporaries referred to the Wooden Palace as the “Eighth Wonder of the Word.” It served as the favourite summer season residence of the royal household and fell into gradual decay in the 18th century throughout the time of Catherine the Nice.
Catherine initially deliberate to restore the palace earlier than altering her thoughts and ordered to demolish it. Detailed plans of the palace nonetheless exist so the Moscow Authorities constructed a full-size duplicate in 2010 and relocated it to the far end of Kolomenskiy park. It’s now open to the public as a museum.
Take a look at these images of 50 Best Castles in Germany.
Residence to the world’s hottest fortress, Germany has many extra spectacular castles equivalent to the Stolzenfels Citadel positioned in the district of the similar identify. Thought to be the epitome of Rhine Romanticism, it was constructed between 1242-1259 by the Prince-Bishop of Trier Arnold von Isenburg, who used it for levying the Rhine toll till 1412.
It was destroyed by the French throughout the 9 Years’ Struggle and the website gifted in 1823 by the metropolis of Koblenz to King Frederick William IV of Prussia, who used it as his summer season residence and commissioned the well-known architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel to rebuild the fortress in the Neo-Gothic model starting 1836.
The Stolzenfels Citadel was inaugurated in 1842 and has since been open to the public.
Click on right here to see images of 73 Best Castles and Manor Homes in England.
England is one in all the high locations that pops into thoughts when it comes to historic and luxurious castles and manor homes. Its assortment contains a few of the world’s best, most well-known, and loaded with tradition and historical past. Topmost of the checklist is Warwick Citadel which dates again to the 10th century and now serves as a vacationer attraction.
Uncover the 44 Most Stunning French Chateaus right here.
You’d be exhausting put to run out of gorgeous and well-liked chateaus, palaces, and castles to go to in France. There’s simply so many of those mesmerizing and lavish properties together with the Chateau Pichon in the Pauillac appellation of the Bordeaux area of France. Baron Joseph de Pichon Longueville divided his property to his two kids, Raoul and Virginie. Raoul obtained the Château Pichon Longueville whereas Virginie obtained the Château Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande.
Winery house owners Edouard and Louis Miailhe purchased the Château in 1925. It later gained international renown as a winery earlier than it was offered in 2007 to the Louis Roederer Champagne home, one other household agency.
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