Gardening in shade will be fairly a difficult job. Add in dry soil circumstances and pest issues and the checklist of vegetation that may carry out nicely below these circumstances will get shorter and shorter. In case you are in search of methods to beautify the shady spots in your backyard or looking for the perfect flowering vegetation to brighten up your yard, look no additional than bergenia.
Bergenia refers to a gaggle of about ten totally different species of flowering vegetation within the Saxifragaceae household. These evergreen perennials are a really distinctive selection that superbly fills the shady or dappled spots within the backyard the place different vegetation are likely to draw back. Native to central Asia together with areas like Afghanistan, China, Mongolia, and the Himalayas, bergenia are hardy vegetation that may do nicely in poor soil and harsh climate circumstances.
13 Picture Gallery: 13 Different Types of Bergenia Flowers
Bergenias are the perfect candidates for shade gardens. They function a superb rockery plantation and are sometimes used for groundcover as nicely. When grown in sunny areas, the beautiful flowers of bergenia excel above its lush inexperienced foliage and supply fairly a shocking sight.
The phrase ‘bergenia’ was coined by German botanist, Conrad Moench, who named the genus in honor of fellow botanist and doctor, Karl August von Bergen in 1794. [Supply: ABCGardening]
Bergenia is also called pigsqueak owing to the distinct sound produced when two of its leaves are rubbed collectively. Different names for bergenia embody massive rockfoil, elephant-eared saxifrage or elephant’s ears. It’s because the leaves of these backyard vegetation carefully resemble the form of an elephant’s ears.
Though the nicknames may sound somewhat bizarre, there’s no denying that bergenia vegetation are a well-liked selection amongst each novice and skilled gardeners alike. They enchant gardeners with their thick shiny leaves highlighted all of the extra by the enticing and showy blooms.
Uncover the preferred varieties of bergenia flowers that you could plant in your individual entrance or again yard.
Of about 10 totally different species in bergenia household, the preferred ones are mentioned beneath.
Native to Afghanistan, Bhutan, and South Tibet, bergenia ciliata is a rhizomatic herb that grows as much as 2 ft tall. It options fleshy leaves that flip barely reddish throughout winter. The plant blooms in early summer season and produces small white-pink or purplish flowers that develop collectively in clusters.
In India, this bergenia selection is named pathar phor buty (transliteration: stone-cracking flower or a flower that blooms from a stone). It’s because it’s usually present in rocky areas similar to mountainsides the place it has no hassle rising within the midst of stones.
Bergenia ciliata is held in excessive significance in sure elements of India attributable to its medicinal worth. It’s wealthy in bioactive compounds similar to gallic acid and B-sitosterol which might be utilized in making ayurvedic medicines. The rhizomes and roots of this plant have an anti-inflammatory impact and are used to deal with stiff joints, renal failure, complications, vertigo in addition to abscesses and different pores and skin infections.
Given its brief stature, furry bergenia is good for groundcover in addition to planting in rock gardens. It should thrive finest in humus-rich soils or soil that’s wealthy in natural matter however you can even plant furry bergenia in loamy or dry soils so long as it’s supplemented with manure.
Bergenia classifolia is an evergreen perennial that grows just a little over one foot excessive and spreads about three ft vast. The darkish inexperienced leaves of this bergenia selection present coloration all yr spherical whereas the gorgeous little blooms that seem in early spring additional add to the identical.
The plant types low-lying and colourful mounds that includes daring, spoon-shaped leaves and magenta or deep pink flowers. The species is hardy in USDA hardiness zones three to 7 and is commonly present in pure areas similar to alpine forest and close to rock streams.
Bergenia classifolia is thought by a spread of names that embody leather-based bergenia, winter-blooming bergenia, Siberian tea, Korean elephant ear and Mongolian tea amongst others. Nonetheless, essentially the most broadly used various identify for bergenia classifolia is heart-leaved or heartleaf bergenia.
The leaves of this flowering plant are sometimes used to make tea in areas similar to Siberia (therefore the identify Siberian tea). After hostas, heartleaf bergenia and its cultivars are essentially the most broadly grown vegetation for half shade gardens.
Native to Afghanistan and western Himalayas, the bergenia stracheyi is an unique dwarf selection. It reaches a most peak of about 20 cm and spreads just a bit over 2 ft vast.
Additionally, generally known as Himalayan bergenia, this species options evergreen foliage that consists of small, spherical leaves. Rose pink flowers that develop in tightly packed clusters seem in late spring or early summer season and look actually spectacular towards the backdrop of greens. They’re formed like bells and have a vibrant purple coloration close to the stem.
In late winter, the leaves additionally undertake a tinge of purple. The pale pink flowers of this sort of bergenia are mildly fragrant and can uplift the aura of your backyard in a extremely fascinating method.
Bergenia ligulata is usually present in temperate areas of the Himalayas. It’s a frequent sight on the hills in Kashmir, Bhutan, and northeastern India.
This bergenia species is comparatively unknown within the residence gardens however occupies a distinguished place in conventional Indian drugs the place it’s generally generally known as Paashaanbhed or Prashanbheda. This rhizome is commonly used to extract chemical compounds that are in flip used to make medicines for the remedy of kidney stones.
Following are some of essentially the most broadly identified cultivars of bergenia flowers that you could simply discover at most of the main backyard shops.
Bergenia cordifolia ‘Apple Blossom’ is an engineered selection of the heartleaf bergenia. It options massive pale pink flowers rising on vibrant purple stalks that gracefully rise above the shiny darkish inexperienced leaves.
Like most of the opposite varieties of bergenia flowers, Apple Blossom can be rabbit and deer resistant. It’s simple to develop and look after, plus, it will possibly thrive in a spread of soil varieties starting from dry and sandy to moist and clay-like.
This pink clump-forming selection is good for edging, massing, and groundcover in addition to for planting in containers or in rock gardens. The big flower heads of Apple Blossom make putting lower flowers and look unbelievable when positioned in a smooth and slender glass vase.
Bressingham White is one of the hybrid varieties within the Bergenia Bressingham Sequence. Because the identify suggests, this selection has been particularly bred to provide pure white flowers. Borne on brief stems, these white flowers bloom in early spring and highlighted towards the darkish inexperienced foliage, present a stunning sight all via the summer season season.
The flowers of Bressingham White are initially pale pink however the refined hues fade away because the flower matures. Its leaves characteristic a wealthy inexperienced coloration that regularly adopts a tint a bronze as autumn arrives.
Rising about one foot excessive, this bergenia selection performs nicely in humus-rich, moist and well-drained soils. It prefers solar or half shade however can simply tolerate a variety of climate and soil circumstances.
The pristine white flowers of this bergenia cordifolia hybrid are a welcome addition to backyard beds and borders.
One other hybrid species within the Bergenia Bressingham Sequence, this plant is a must have for cottage gardens, rock gardens, and even coastal gardens.
Bressingham Ruby bergenia is prized for its extremely showy and fancy purple blooms which might be assured to catch each eye from afar. This compact clump-forming backyard plant options evergreen foliage. The leaves are considerably spherical in form and have a thick, leathery texture with a shiny end. Quick, purple coloured stems rise from the mass of leaves and when bloom time arrives, turn into laden with vibrant purple flowers. These crimson blooms develop as a rosette or upright clusters extending gracefully over the big inexperienced leaves. Rosette is a time period utilized by botanists to confer with a round association of leaves or flowers.
By late winter, the leaves tackle a maroon-red or burgundy shade, therefore, offering year- spherical curiosity for gardeners. You’ll be able to plant Bressingham Ruby alongside backyard paths or walkways for a contact of class and extravagance.
Famous for its vibrant inexperienced foliage coupled with rosettes of small orange-ish pink flowers, the Salmon bergenia is one other well-known hybrid selection within the Bressingham collection. The plant is predominantly used as foreground cowl below massive bushes or for bordering, edging or massing. It may also be planted in backyard beds for a colourful groundcover.
Salmon bergenia blooms excessively in the course of the months of March and April however stops flowering by late spring. It’s hardy in USDA hardiness zones four to eight as it will possibly tolerate semi-arid to dry soils rather well. The flowers are formed like bells and are finest suited to planting beside walkways or on frontal borders.
A cultivar of the bergenia cordifolia, the Winterglut bergenia is thought for its vibrant reddish-pink flowers that seem in early spring. The darkish inexperienced leaves flip into deep purple or orange colours in fall, offering year-round curiosity for gardeners all throughout America.
Its cabbage-like leaves are additionally used for making bouquets or planted as filler in backyard beds and flower borders. This selection prefers full shade to partial solar and appears wonderful when complemented with vegetation similar to coral bells, hosta or bleeding hearts.
Bergenia Eroica or pigsqueak Eroica is an undemanding, disease-free and deer resistant plant that’s finest suited to planting below full solar or half shade. This darkish pink clump-forming, evergreen perennial is just not affected by frost and is appropriate for planting in hardiness zones three to eight. It produces erect clusters of purplish-pink flowers surrounded by spherical, leathery leaves that flip deep purple or purple in winter. The blooms develop on tall bronze-green stalks rising above the mound of foliage.
Owing to its low upkeep wants, bergenia Eroica is the go-to possibility for metropolis dwellers who’re eager on nurturing their very own city jungles. Absolutely mature vegetation measure a couple of foot excessive and a couple of ft throughout which suggests you’ll be able to simply develop this species even for those who don’t have a really massive house obtainable for gardening. Like most of the opposite varieties of bergenia flowers, bergenia Eroica can be propagated by division or rooting rhizome sections in fall or early spring.
Often known as bergenia ‘Night Bells,’ this hybrid selection is famous for its daring, large-leaved foliage that adopts a contact of crimson hues in late winter. The plant has brief purple stems that bear vivid pinkish-red rosettes. Every rosette consists of a number of small, bell-shaped florets having vibrant pink petals and a deep purple base. The leaves are a bit crinkled however have the attribute shine of all bergenia species nonetheless.
Bergenia Abendglocken appears magnificent when planted in sufficiently massive teams.
Fringed bergenia, additionally recognized by the frequent identify winter begonia, is a really unimaginable bergenia selection within the sense that it balances shapes and textures rather well. The plant produces upright clusters of delicate florets which might be a pointy distinction towards the big spherical leaves lining the underside. What makes this species totally different from different bergenia varieties is the truth that its foliage doesn’t consist of the often thick and shiny leaves. It contains of tender leaves with a furry texture as a substitute.
This extremely sought-after bergenia selection is legendary for its distinctive flower form. The pale pink flowers develop in clusters containing heaps of five-petal florets. The bunch of blooms tends to droop and path as a result of heavy development sample. The leaves are massive and nearly round in form. The energetic inexperienced shade compliments the boring flower coloration in a gracefully trendy method.
Prized by gardeners all internationally, bergenia is a really unique backyard plant – and for all the correct causes too. These vegetation produce fascinating pink, purple, purple or white flowers of tropical look which have nice ornamental worth. Bergenia vegetation could be brief in stature however what they lack in dimension they compensate with their ornate and attention-grabbing blooms. Irrespective of which kind of bergenia flowers you select to develop in your yard, relaxation assured that they make a nice addition to any backyard.
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