11 Different Types of Drywall (Sizes, Tools Needed and More)

Aug 9th
Calculator for calculating cost of drywall

I do know an expert drywaller.  The man has insanely good drywalling abilities.  He’s quick, robust, limber and exact.  It’s actually cool watching him drywall a room.  He does stuff I may by no means do.  After all, he’s honed his abilities over a few years and is now a really a lot in-demand drywaller amongst native contractors.

One side that makes is a brutal job is drywall is far heavier than plywood (and plywood isn’t gentle).  To place it into perspective, plywood weighs 1.Eight to 2.1 kilos per sq. ft. whereas drywall weighs 2.75 kilos per sq. ft.  Not an enormous distinction, however when working with 32 sq. ft. sheets (or the bigger 48 sq. ft. sheets), that weight provides up.

18 Picture Gallery: 11 Different Types of Drywall (Sizes, Tools Needed and More)

Many householders do their very own drywall work, which is cheap.  The professionals are costly.  For those who’re doing your individual drywall job, study the differing types of drywall under plus a complete host of different tidbits about this house enchancment staple product.

15 Drywall Options

Easy methods to Transport a Sheet of Drywall in a Tiny Automotive

You’ve simply realized a trick for transporting your drywall house. This implies, of course, that you’ve got realized the very first thing it’s good to do to achieve beginning your drywall mission. Congratulate your self, and settle in to the remaining of this information.

Drywall seems plain and easy; nevertheless, it turns into trickier while you attempt to do something with it. Drywall entails the product itself. It’s extra advanced that the plain, flat sheet that lies earlier than you within the retailer, however when you kind out the categories of and makes use of for drywall, your shopping for selections will likely be straightforward.

Drywall additionally entails its operate. By itself, it merely lies there. You’re taking it and use it to make nice issues. You’ll be taught what it’s good to accomplish these nice issues.

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Neglect the flying carpet trip; in your creativeness, hop on a flat sheet of drywall, and we’ll use this information to take you on a magic drywall trip. Get able to discover drywall so that you simply’ll be outfitted with information and data to purchase it in addition to the best instruments and supplies for working with it.

Only for enjoyable:

Why is it referred to as “drywall?”

Previous to the intensive use of drywall following WWII, partitions and ceilings had been constructed of plaster. Development with plaster was labor-intensive, time-consuming, and moist. Moist plaster was utilized to picket laths. A number of layers had been required, and drying time between layers was intensive. Time was decreased drastically as soon as folks started what they fortunately referred to as “drywall.”

Supply:Drywall 101

Drywall—or sheetrock, wallboard, or gypsum board—refers back to the massive, rectangular, sheets you’ll be able to see stacked in shops and in development websites. It’s white, inexperienced, blue, or purple. It’s a elementary element of your private home, workplace, retailer the place you store—the inside of almost each completed constructing.

While you have a look at your partitions and ceiling, you’re taking a look at drywall protecting picket studs. It’s been completed, textured, and painted or wallpapered, of course, however the partitions and ceilings are drywall.

Drywall has a objective past wall and ceiling development. Past this primary operate, drywall is used so as to add character to constructing and house interiors.

This lovely lounge exists as a result of of its partitions and ceilings, and it possesses class as a result of of particular options, together with arches and area of interest. Drywall creates operate and magnificence.

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Supply:Nafuu Classic Hardware

drywall’s objective. However what, precisely, is it? Drywall is so simple as it seems. It’s made of gypsum plaster coated with thick paper.

Gypsum is a naturally occurring mineral discovered in lots of international locations worldwide however particularly concentrated in North America. Gypsum can also be man-made. Artificial gypsum, often called Flue-Fuel Desulfurization (FGD) is utilized in drywall similar to naturally occurring gypsum; nevertheless some varieties of FGD gypsum are poisonous and not utilized in making drywall.

Only for Enjoyable:

Gypsum is an unbelievable materials for drywall. It’s sturdy, straightforward to work with, fire-resistant, versatile, and fast-drying. It’s additionally lovely in its pure state. That is White Sands Nationwide Monument in New Mexico with its intensive gypsum dunes. That is the primary half of your drywall (however this monument isn’t a mine).

You may select from amongst a number of differing kinds of drywall, relying in your mission wants. Use this overview to be taught your choices.


Common drywall is primary drywall with no particular enhancements. It’s not inferior to different sorts; it performs equally with all of them. It merely has no extras.

For instance, common drywall is hearth retardant by nature (the water molecules within the gypsum gradual the unfold of flames), but it surely isn’t enhanced with different supplies like fire-resistant drywall.

Supply:Quality Drywall Services

Water injury occurs. It’s an almost-inevitable half of homeownership. Moisture-resistant drywall has a particular floor coating to attenuate the extent of injury when it occurs. It’s glorious to be used in bogs, kitchens, or some other location that’s humid or has water pipes.

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In high-water areas, similar to tubs and showers, it’s really useful to go a step past moisture-resistant drywall and use cement board similar to Nationwide Gypsum’s PermaBase cement board.

Chances are you’ll hear this kind of drywall known as greenboard, indoor tile backer board, and cement board. Blueboard is one other time period you would possibly encounter when on the lookout for moisture-resistant drywall. That is really a special kind product as a result of it’s engineered to be coated with a veneer plaster, giving it a special look.


Typically purple, this drywall resists the expansion of mildew and mildew. For those who’re in space with quite a bit of moisture, this specifically handled drywall could be an choice to contemplate. It prices greater than common drywall, an expense that may add up shortly, however on condition that mildew and mildew are insidious and trigger well being issues, the additional value may very well be worthwhile.


Constructing codes dictate the use of fire-resistant (Kind X, fireboard, or X board) in areas similar to garages, bedrooms, condominium buildings and different multi-family housing models, and many business buildings.

Kind X gives hearth resistance past the pure resistance of different sorts of drywall. Kind C is extra resistant than Kind X, offering as much as 4 hours of resistance evaluate to the one hour offered by X.

Hearth-resistant drywall comprises particular non-combustible fibers. It’s additionally thicker than most different sorts of drywall. Collectively, these options gradual the burning and unfold of hearth to permit extra time for folks to flee and to assist decrease the extent of injury.

Watch the fire-resistance in motion:

Nationwide Gypsum Hearth Testing


Soundproof drywall is like common drywall, but it surely comprises extra layers of wooden fibers, gypsum and polymers to assist it dampen sound. Its composition makes it stiffer than common drywall in an effort to scale back sound vibrations. That is utilized in making partitions, ceilings, and/or flooring.

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Supply:The Home Depot

This kind of drywall is each moisture- and mold-resistant. Not like different such drywall panels, paperless drywall is roofed with fiberglass facings. That is an choice to your kitchen and bogs.

Supply:DIY Home Living Style

Environmentally friendly drywall options have been and proceed to be developed. Not solely are these merchandise earth-friendly of their supplies and manufacturing, however they’re high quality drywall choices to your house.

One product available on the market is Eco Rock. It’s constructed from over 20 totally different recycled industrial byproducts. These byproducts are combined with fillers and water to create a drywall product that resists mildew and termites.

EnviroBoard compressed fiber panels are constructed from environmentally pleasant supplies. Waste fibers from agriculture, the newspaper business, and extra are compressed into stable concrete-like panels that make the partitions and ceilings of properties and buildings.


Drywall is measured in thickness and size. The width of drywall panels is a normal 48 inches.

Drywall is offered in a quantity of lengths. You should purchase sheets which might be eight, 9, 10, 12, or 14-inches lengthy. Different lengths can generally be bought as a particular order.

Thickness is a vital measurement. 4 depth choices provide the flexibility to decide on the dimensions that matches your wants. Drywall is available in 4 thicknesses.


Though common drywall comes on this measurement, panels this skinny are unusual.


Common drywall is offered on this width. It’s fashionable In basements or different areas that don’t require a particular kind of drywall. Whereas cheaper than thicker panels, it additionally isn’t as sturdy.

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Half-inch drywall is heftier than the earlier two measurements. Common, moisture-resistant, and mold-resistant sorts can be found in half of inch depth.


That is the thickest drywall choice accessible. Every type of sheetrock come on this thickness, however it’s most helpful in fire-resistant, soundproof, and mold- and moisture-resistant panels.

When looking for drywall, you would possibly hear the time period “normal measurement” used. This refers to a sheet that measures half of” x 4’ x 8.’ It is a quite common measurement, together with amongst DIY’ers, as a result of it’s economical, versatile, and straightforward to deal with.

Drywall exists so it will probably flip into one thing larger. You’ll use drywall to make your dream house a actuality. To try this, you’ll want particular supplies and instruments designed to work with drywall.

As you put in drywall, you’ll want sure key supplies. We’ve highlighted the primary ones right here:

Generally referred to as “mud” or “spackle,” joint compound is the fabric that’s utilized over tape to easy the seams. You’ll use it to cowl the nails and screws, too. It’s accessible pre-made in buckets just like the one pictured, or you should buy luggage of energy and combine your individual.

Tape is what covers the seams between items of sheetrock. Select between two sorts of drywall tape: paper and mesh. Paper is cheaper than mesh, and it’s creased down the center to make it higher for taping corners. Mesh is nice for restore work.

Take heed to an expert and knowledgeable weight in on the categories of tape:

be-watch?v=vXJwgtd2uY8″>Which Tape is Better: Paper or Mesh (video)

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Fasteners are the {hardware} that secures the panels of drywall to the boards of the partitions and ceilings. Carpenters and DIY’ers alike use nails, screws, or both.

Screws are costlier than nails, however they’re safer and maintain agency over time because the wooden adjustments with age. Nails will finally come out of the wooden and be seen as a bump within the wall. Nails, nevertheless, are simpler to work with and are sooner to make use of than screws. M

Some folks select to make use of each screws and nails. They use nails across the outer edges and to connect the metallic strips, referred to as beads, in corners. They use screws in all places else, together with each half of the ceiling.

Supply:Ace Hardware

Nook bead are utilized in each nook to make sure a crisp 90-degree angle. Tape is then positioned over the beads, and joint compound utilized over the tape. With out the beads, corners can be uneven and sloppy-looking.

Each commerce has its instruments. Drywall set up isn’t any exception. Arm your self with the best instruments, and your mission will likely be a lot simpler and extra pleasing. That can assist you begin your assortment, we’ve gathered some of probably the most useful drywall instruments round.


One of a very powerful instruments in hanging drywall is a pencil. You’ll be doing quite a bit of measuring and marking, and a pencil is crucial.

Supply:The Home Depot

You’ll be driving numerous screws into you drywall as you fasten it to the wall- or ceiling boards, so a cordless, battery-powered screwdriver is crucial. It’s going to make your work sooner and extra correct.

When you have a great drill, you should use that as a substitute of a cordless screwdriver. Nonetheless, a drill and a screwdriver aren’t the same thing. A drill will be too highly effective and carries the danger of drywall injury.  See our drill shopping for information right here.

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If you’re utilizing nails as a substitute of or along with screws, this specialty hammer has a rounded head to keep away from denting or tearing the sheetrock. Even when your preliminary plan is to make use of screws for the whole mission, a specialty hammer is a good suggestion to have simply in case you determine nails are so as in locations like the skin areas of a panel.  See our sorts of hammers for more information.

Supply:The Home Depot

Drywall knives (or trowels) are the instruments that you simply’ll use to use and unfold the joint compound. They’re accessible in a range of widths appropriate for various areas of paneling. Use a wider blade in lengthy, open areas to hurry the work, and use narrower blades for tight areas.

Watch this device in motion to see how effectively it really works to create a seamless wall:

Supply: Home Depot

The framing sq. is a necessary device for a lot of initiatives, together with drywall work. When chopping your sheetrock, use this straightforward device ensures correct measurements and straight traces.

Supply:The Home Depot

After making use of joint compound and permitting it to dry, the subsequent step is to sand the compound to eradicate traces and make the compound flush with the drywall. The result’s a flat, seamless wall or ceiling.

Sheets of sand paper, or drywall sanding display screen, is positioned on the entrance of the hand sander. The display screen is bought in sheets. When one is not efficient, place a brand new sheet on the hand sander and maintain working.

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Supply:The Home Depot

Sanding by hand provides you a way of meticulous management as you construct your room, however it’s also tiring and labor-intensive. You may alternate hand sanding with computerized sanding, or you’ll be able to go absolutely computerized.

Automatic sanding tools are available cordless and corded varieties. As with different energy instruments, cordless gives comfort and ease of motion, whereas corded varieties gives extra energy with no interruptions. Both model makes use of the identical kind of sanding display screen that hand sanders use.

Many computerized drywall sanders are suitable with attachments. It’s widespread for sanders work with each spherical and triangular heads so you’ll be able to simply sand each corners and flat stretches of wall or ceiling. Many serve a twin operate as a mud vacuum when the best hose is connected.

Supply:The Home Depot

The banjo is a device you should use to use the tape over the drywall seams. A high-performance, heavy-duty taping instrument, this makes taping exact and fast.

The bazooka is an computerized tape and mud applicator. It applies joint compound and tape concurrently. A telescoping pole permits you to tape flooring to ceiling, throughout the panels’ floor and up and down corners. Whereas a bazooka isn’t completely vital, particularly for small initiatives, it does take away some of the heavy labor from huge jobs.


A high-quality drywall noticed is a must have when you find yourself sheetrocking any sized room. Chopping the sheetrock correctly will end in much less waste and edge which might be straightforward to make easy with joint compound. DIY Community provides handy tips and tricks for cutting drywall well.

Supply:Ace Hardware

Utility knives are maybe probably the most versatile of all of the instruments in a toolbox. A utility knife works in tandem with a drywall noticed that can assist you produce crisp, straight, even cuts in your sheetrock. They’re helpful in chopping the boards of drywall in addition to chopping out holes for retailers and switches.

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Shopping for a knife could seem easy. It’s actually not sophisticated, however utility knives differ from one another. House Depot’s buying guide for utility knives will provide help to select the best one for you and your drywall mission.


A mud pan is a straightforward piece of gear that’s straightforward to miss. Utilizing a mud pan will prevent from having to pull a heavy bucket of joint compound round your work area. Place some mud in a particular mud pan to simply carry with you throughout rooms and up and down ladders.

Mud pans are bought in plastic or chrome steel just like the one pictured above. Which one to decide on is merely a matter of private choice.

Supply:The Home Depot

Weighing in at 50 kilos and up, drywall is heavy. The burden is made worse by its measurement. Even a small sheet—half of inch x Four foot x Eight foot—is difficult to understand and carry. If you’re working alone, this heavy, awkward panel of drywall can carry your mission to a screeching halt.

If lifting drywall panels will likely be tough (don’t overlook to contemplate putting in them on the ceiling), a panel raise may very well be an incredible asset. You should buy one or, for those who want to not need to retailer it, you’ll be able to lease one out of your native ironmongery shop.

Supply: ebay

Your well being and security are of utmost significance. Drywall is dusty, and it sifts into eyes, nostril, and mouth for those who aren’t coated. Gloves defend arms and are a should when utilizing any device, particularly energy instruments. Have ear safety close by, too, for when you find yourself utilizing electrical screwdrivers and different noisy gear.

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In a contest referred to as The Drywall Olympics, carpenters face off and check their drywall abilities. Watch sheetrock, supplies, instruments, and workmanship come collectively:

be-watch?v=tx5pUp9iEKM”>Union Carpenters Northeast Carpenters Drywall Competition—Drywall Olympics (video)

=> Take a look at our drywall value calculator right here.

There isn’t a single value or value vary to assign to drywall. Many elements decide how a lot your mission will value.

The kind and measurement of the sheetrock will affect the quantity of cash you’ll spend on the drywall. The scale of your room or rooms is one other main issue. The larger the world, the extra provides you want and the upper the fee.

The opposite supplies are depending on the dimensions of your mission and the sort you purchase. Are you utilizing screws, nails, or each? Will you buy pre-made joint compound or a powdered model that you simply combine your self? The pre-made mud is costlier upfront, but it surely’s seemingly that you simply’ll have to purchase extra of the powdered selection.

One of the simplest ways to estimate the fee of your mission earlier than you start to buy provides is to make use of mission calculators. A simple formula might help you predetermine you value. You may as well use purposes, online or in your smartphone, to estimate your drywall bills.

To get probably the most correct really feel to your bills, calculate the tough cost of fasteners and tape and joint compound.

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House initiatives will be thrilling and daunting unexpectedly. Now that you simply’re armed with the fundamentals, you’re able to enterprise forth not fairly as overwhelmed as while you first started. One of a very powerful instruments of all throughout your drywall mission is your energy of visualization. Preserve your finish objective in thoughts, and you’ll know that the time, power, and cash are value it.

The wall on this picture radiates character. It’s beautiful, and the look was achieved with drywall, joint compound, and an artistic touch. No matter your imaginative and prescient to your personal mission, you’ll be able to create it.

Sure, drywall is a floor that may get painted. Nonetheless, it’s value noting that freshly hung drywall should first get handled and ready to guarantee the absolute best outcomes.

This preparation course of consists of taping and ending all seams and sealing mud and drywall with primer. As soon as accomplished and dried, ending paint can get utilized. Self-priming wall paint might help streamline the method and supply higher outcomes.

When making use of a recent coat of paint to already painted drywall, think about using a high-quality acrylic latex primer first. The use of a stain-blocking primer helps cowl marks, stains, and different discolorations that may trigger a lower than a flawless outcome.

When selecting a ending paint, remember the fact that paints with larger sheens are simpler to wash and keep. So you probably have younger youngsters within the house, this tidbit of data can prevent time and effort.

Whereas a protecting coating helps to cut back the probabilities drywall screws rust, these screws are usually not classically waterproof. For that reason, drywall screws are perfect for indoor initiatives and not really useful for out of doors initiatives.

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Drywall screws are explicitly used to connect drywall to picket frames. Utilizing these screws for different purposes and initiatives is usually not really useful.

Drywall is a recyclable materials made of gypsum. Nonetheless, the drywall should get processed first. This course of is used to take away gadgets, together with nails and screws. Moreover, it separates the gypsum from the paper positioned on the skin layer. Usually, curbside packages don’t help drywall recycling, but when your group provides bulk waste companies, drywall recycling could also be accessible.

Drywall will get manufactured by mixing uncooked gypsum with different numerous components together with paper pulp, starch, and an emulsifier. The emulsifier serves as a thickening agent. This combination is mixed with water to make a concentrated paste.

After mixing the paste, it will get unfold on 3/8-inch to three/4-inch-thick manila paper. One other sheet of Manila paper will get added to the highest layer, so either side has a paper protecting.

The subsequent step within the drywall manufacturing course of is heating the sheet of drywall to 500 F. At this temperature, the supplies dry out and prepared it for chopping. As of late, fashionable sizes of drywall sheets embrace 4X8, 4X10, and 4X12. Bigger items are higher for taller partitions, as they cowl extra floor space and are sooner to put in.

If a extra specialised kind of drywall is required, the use of differing kinds of paper and additional components assist create distinction.

Various names for a drywall panel embrace Sheetrock, wallboards, plasterboards, gyprock, and gypsum board.

Drywall is good for many interiors, together with residential and business new development or renovation initiatives. Ideally, drywall ought to have little to no publicity to chronically humid circumstances or parts from the outside that may degrade the structure of the sheetrock materials.

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Drywall was invented by the U.S. Gypsum Firm again in 1916. Initially known as Sackett Board, the fabric was accessible in small, fireproof tiles. A number of layer gypsum and paper sheets had been accessible just a few years later. Inside a decade, the present drywall configuration that features compressed gypsum secured with sturdy sheets of paper on either side grew to become broadly accessible.

Whereas it was an accessible constructing materials within the early days, many builders didn’t begin utilizing it in massive capacities till over 20 years later!

The explanation they delayed utilizing drywall on the time was that it was considered a mediocre choice because it didn’t have the identical properties of high-quality plaster, which was fashionable within the period. As an alternative of choosing extra inexpensive drywall, folks most popular to pay extra for conventional plaster.

When hanging new drywall, you need to take steps to guarantee that the tip product seems excellent. This course of begins on the very starting through the use of drywall tape.

The one cause for drywall tape? To make the seams seem invisible after ending them. Failure to make use of drywall tape makes all seams and imperfections, even when crammed with joint compounds, seen after the compound dries – this kind of oversight leads to shoddy craftsmanship and an inferior finish product.

The obvious cause to make use of drywall screws is that they’re particularly designed to hold the drywall. Made of hardened, brittle metal, they’re lengthy sufficient to penetrate each the drywall panel in addition to connect to the supporting picket body behind them.

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