10 Kitchen Layouts & 6 Kitchen Dimension Diagrams (Photos)

Jul 29th
Chart showing kitchen island dimensions according to number of stools

Welcome to our kitchen format concepts information which is all about serving to you to create a purposeful kitchen.

Constructing code stifles creativity and simply plain doesn’t make sense. Isn’t that the reality?

17 Picture Gallery: 10 Kitchen Layouts & 6 Kitchen Dimension Diagrams (Photos)

It’s not. Constructing code relays one of the best practices for security and is completely logical. For instance, stair balusters need to be positioned shut sufficient collectively {that a} four-inch-in-diameter ball can’t undergo. Does that quantity appear random? It’s often because 4 inches is taken into account too slender for the typical toddler’s head to suit by means of. Not having to butter your child’s ears to get them out of the bannister is an effective factor.

Most of these options to on a regular basis issues are utilized in kitchen code and design–and no different room has as many design concerns as a kitchen.

Not everybody has a cavernous kitchen. Many have the fuel traces, vent hoods, provide water traces, 220 electrical service, and sewer pipes jammed into areas as small as 200 sq. ft. Now that may get harmful–and is exactly the explanation why a lot of constructing code is devoted to the kitchen.

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Constructing codes are determined by the Worldwide Code Council after which adopted by native legislation makers. As such, your kitchen has to fulfill code whether or not you’re constructing or transforming. A authentic, authorized challenge has the required allow and has an inspector decide whether or not the finished work is as much as code.

Constructing code is absolute, however this isn’t the case for greatest design practices. These are merely concepts that have been developed by kitchen design professionals through the years and are extensively accepted to be “one of the best.” Sometimes, these will come up from constructing code, however most frequently they come up from easy frequent sense.

The “kitchen triangle,” mentioned later on this put up, is a design apply derived from effectivity. No permits have been ever misplaced as a result of their kitchen didn’t match this mannequin–it’s merely a great way to plan your kitchen.  When you learn this text and be taught the basics for kitchen format, try our listing of the highest kitchen design software program choices (free and paid).

The excellent news is that there are eight primary kitchen layouts to select from.  Really you may lay out your kitchen in additional formations than that; however there are eight frequent layouts.  We set them out beneath.  The dangerous information is that you need to decide one which isn’t all the time straightforward.

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My favourite kitchen format is a single wall with lengthy island.  We used to reside in a really cool open idea home with this format and it was nice for entertaining and on a day-to-day foundation.

=> Try our single wall picture gallery right here (with islands and with out islands).

=> See large galley kitchen layouts gallery right here.


=> See L-shaped kitchen picture gallery right here.

=> See our in depth U-shape kitchen picture gallery.

Whereas not likely a format, increasingly kitchens are incorporating 2 islands.  Right here’s an instance of such a format.

=> See our gallery of kitchens with 2 islands right here.

Customized format: Some kitchens buck conforming to typical layouts and give you distinctive layouts.

Open flooring plans got here into vogue practically seventy-five years in the past and are nonetheless going sturdy. As inside partitions got here down, the kitchen, eating room and even the lounge turned separate components of 1 massive room. With this modification, individuals within the kitchen may work together with these within the eating room and lounge, making a extra social ambiance.

After all, many kitchens stay behind doorways, and even when there isn’t a door, there might be an entrance. Constructing code states that the minimal width for entrances is 32 inches; and if doorways are put in, they shouldn’t open into home equipment. In the identical manner, opening the range or fridge door shouldn’t hit your door or block the doorway.

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The three most vital stations within the kitchen are the range and oven, sink, and fridge. As seen above, this types a triangle.  An environment friendly kitchen doesn’t permit these three sides to be too far-off.

A prepare dinner shifting backwards and forwards between the stations with scorching meals in hand shouldn’t need to go very far, or round varied corners. A prepare dinner within the kitchen above could find yourself with the nook of the island jammed into their hip once they’re in a rush–and that’s painful.

The rules for an environment friendly kitchen embody:

When a house owner remodels their kitchen, most will say they need extra countertop area. Constructing code could not have a lot to say about counters, however greatest design rules are fairly particular as to what makes a purposeful kitchen. A contented house owner will take heed to and abide by the next rules of countertop design:

The advisable minimal linear countertop area is simply over 13 ft, however perceive that small galley kitchens or L-shaped kitchens could not be capable to attain this quantity.

Select rounded or clipped edges over sharp, 90-degree angle edges. This ought to be fairly straightforward to do, as most producers don’t even make 90-degree counter edges anymore. And whereas this actually does forestall hip and waist degree bruises, it isn’t the one motive. Sq. corners could cause countertop cracking.

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The advisable depth of a countertop ought to be between 24 and 25 inches. That’s the gap from the sting of the counter to the wall or backsplash. The vast majority of counters are manufactured to this specification, so until you intend to have customized counters made, it’s laborious to mess this up.

Many kitchens have a large number of enormous countertop home equipment–blenders, microwaves, toaster-ovens, standing mixers–and so you need to present for extra vertical area between the counter tops and the undersides of your wall cupboards. The advisable minimal distance is 15 inches.

Let’s discuss sinks. Sinks aren’t actually talked about in code, nor in design practices. If it’s sensible, it’s allowed. You may select from single-, double-, or triple-basin, relying in your wants. The producers preserve tight laws on most sink options together with drainage slope, fixture gap placement and materials composition, so that you don’t want to fret a lot about your sink.

Any greatest design practices that point out sinks particularly discuss in regards to the areas closest to the sink. When putting a sink, put it immediately subsequent to or throughout from the range and/or fridge. Comply with the kitchen triangle, and also you’ll meet this one simply.

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The sink ought to have “touchdown areas” on each side, the place you may relaxation meals objects or cookware. These ought to be a minimal of 24 inches on one facet and 18 on the opposite. Along with the touchdown areas, it’s advisable you’ve gotten one other uninterrupted 36 inches immediately subsequent to the sink.

Keep in mind that countertop spacing is most vital when planning the place to position stoves and ovens. Fuel, electrical energy, flames, warmth, and even noxious fumes are concerned, and your security ought to be your first concern.

Probably the most pervasive drawback with stoves is all of the inventive locations cooks discover to position their scorching pots and pans. On the barest minimal, you need to have 12 inches on one facet and 15 on the opposite facet as touchdown area. Now, that is hardly sufficient area for a small pan, not to mention baking racks, so larger widths is advisable.

Ovens are usually situated beneath stoves as a single equipment, however ought to yours be separate, an oven ought to have 15 inches of touchdown space on both facet.

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Ovens should have a minimal of 15 inches of adjoining touchdown space on both facet. Nevertheless, as a result of most ovens are usually situated underneath stoves as a part of a single equipment, this touchdown space is often already coated underneath the range necessities.

Above the range, a complete of 24 inches is required between the stovetop and the nonflammable floor above. Vent hoods is probably not required, however they’re extremely advisable.

Ought to there be a flamable floor above the range, like a cupboard, one other six inches is required between the underside and the stovetop, making it a fair 30 inches.

A complete of 24 inches of vertical area is required between the range and a noncombustible floor similar to a vent hood. Vents should not required however are suggested, with minimal draw of 150 cubic ft per minute draw.

Constructing codes are usually all-encompassing, and inside these broad tips, you’re free to be as inventive as you need. They shield your security and well being and supply the kitchen planner with the instruments to create a purposeful and comfy kitchen.

Dimension graphics used with permission by Fix.com.

Right here’s a dimensions chart setting out enough kitchen island sizes in line with the completely different variety of stools.

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It’s laborious to decide on a measurement till you’ve really cooked in kitchens of assorted sizes.  In case your present kitchen is just too small (see our small kitchens gallery), how a lot do you have to increase it?  If you happen to’re designing from scratch, how huge do you have to make it?

On the flip facet, you may create a kitchen too huge (see our spacious kitchens gallery for sizeable kitchens).  Sooner or later a kitchen is so huge you spend extra time working round than really getting meals ready.

Issues to think about when figuring out the scale of your kitchen:

How many individuals use the kitchen on the similar time?  Do two or extra individuals jostle round or is it a one-person present?

What number of kitchen home equipment do you’ve gotten?  Do you want them on counters prepared to make use of or retailer them?

One nice approach to hone your kitchen format is to make use of kitchen inside design software program to create flooring plans together with your allotted kitchen area.

You in all probability know instantly whether or not you need an open idea kitchen or extra of an enclosed kitchen or a hybrid.  A hybrid is a kitchen with eating space included.  A totally open idea residing area is a bigger room with kitchen, eating space and household room (or lounge).

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Usually, open idea is most well-liked over closed as of late.  Nevertheless, one consideration is in the event you entertain typically and you like friends not seeing the kitchen in a chaotic state.  After all, the draw back to a closed kitchen when entertaining is the prepare dinner is reduce off from the pre-meal entertaining.


Planning your kitchen zones could be easy if it’s a smaller kitchen or harder with a big kitchen.  The bottom line is to plan the format primarily based on duties you carry out within the kitchen.  Whereas there are common duties carried out in all kitchens (cooking/washing/prepping/storing) there are duties it’s possible you’ll try this different individuals don’t usually do (pizza making/baking/cooking with youngsters, and so forth.).

They usually are (though you could have extra common duties):

Cooking/Oven Use:  Guarantee you’ve gotten flat, naked counter area adjoining to the range/oven for putting scorching meals.  Ideally, you’ll have adequate area for plating with out having to truck scorching pans and pots any distance.

Washing:  That is easy.  Place the primary sink near the dishwasher.  Guarantee there’s ample counter area subsequent to the sink.  You additionally need disposal close to the sink (which is a long-standing rubbish/recycling placement).

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Prepping:  If you happen to chop and/or bake, you need counter area near the fridge.  Ideally the prep counter area may even be near a sink for rinsing.  One factor to incorporate within the prep zone is an area for a pc (laptop computer, pill or one thing comparable) so you may comply with recipes.  Usually the prep zone is an effective place for this as a result of it’s the place you put together your elements.

Storing:  Each zone ought to embody adequate storage in order that the instruments you require are solely an arm’s size away.  For instance, in case you have a baking zone, have close by storage on your baking home equipment and implements.  The fridge/freezer are additionally a storage items.  Their use is enhanced with counter area adjoining to them when pulling out numerous meals or placing in numerous meals (i.e. grocery buying day).[2]

You might have distinctive storage necessities similar to wine, recipe books, small kitchen home equipment, and so forth.  Listing out your storage necessities and apply to the relevant zone(s).

Further duties distinctive to your house and kitchen operations:

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Visitor/household zone:  That is huge in the event you like cooking with friends and/or your loved ones round.  A easy answer is a counter or island bar.  You may even contemplate a settee off to the facet.[3]

Specialty meals preparation:  Do you routinely put together sorts of meals which have a singular course of?  In that case, plan accordingly.

Kitchen home equipment:  It doesn’t take too many small kitchen home equipment to litter up a kitchen.  Be lifelike about which of them you need on the counter (solely these you employ commonly) and people you may retailer.  If you happen to use an equipment commonly, plan a zone round it.  For instance, in the event you’re into juicing, making a small juicing zone close to the fridge with a sink close by.

Computer systems:  It’s helpful having a pc or iPad in your kitchen for on-line recipes.  If you happen to’re designing a kitchen, severely contemplate creating an area on your laptop.  Usually, the prep zone is greatest.

Right here’s one approach to combine a pc into your kitchen design

This refers to home equipment, implements and anything you may want for every zone.  Don’t overlook counter area, storage, flooring area and complementary zone entry.

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NOTE:  I understand zone planning appears technical and overly detailed, however planning out your kitchen zones requires cautious thought and planning.  Be thorough as a result of correct zone planning can radically improve your kitchen for you.

Further kitchen format recommendations:

Work aisles: When you’ve got the luxurious to take action, create vast work aisles.  It is a terrific comfort when two or extra persons are within the kitchen.  The minimal width is 42″.  When you’ve got a number of cooks, go along with 48″ or extra.[4]

Counter area is a premium:  I’ve by no means been in a kitchen with an excessive amount of counter area.  One common requirement with just about each kitchen job.  It is a large profit to massive kitchen areas.  Whereas storage is nice, extra counter area is commonly higher.

Your kitchen’s customers’ top:  Are you or anybody in your loved ones tall?  In that case, take note of overhead cupboard placement, island top, counter top and lighting.

Doorways and openings:  When you’ve got swinging doorways as a part of entry to your kitchen (changing into uncommon as of late), keep in mind the arc of the door if it swings into your kitchen.

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Beneath is an in depth textual content and illustration-based information on what to do and what to not do when planning your kitchen format, based on Lee Wallender’s article (used with permission).

This post topic: Decor & Design, Kitchen

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